Cues, Questions and Advance Organizers

Cues (hints), questions, and advance organizers (statement of those elements that the learner will be required to master in the lesson) are used at the beginning of a lesson to connect to students' prior knowledge and to make connections to new learning. This also reveals to teachers what students already know and what they need to know (Hill and Flynn, 2006; Orlich, et al, 2001).