Resources - Identifying Similarities and Differences



  • Herrell, A.L. and Jordan, M. (2 50 Strategies for Teaching English Language Learners
  • Hill, J.D. and Flynn, K.M. (2006) Classroom Instruction that works with English Language Learners. Alexandria, VA.:Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
  • Marzano, (2001) A Handbook for Classroom Instruction that Works. Alexandria, VA.:Association for Supervision and Curriculum

PROGRAM MODELS for scaffolded instruction which includes (but is not limited to) similarities and differences:

  • Dutro, S. (2008) Systematic English Language Development, Second Edition. San Marcos,CA.:ELAchieve.
  • This is an instructional method which focuses on the forms and functions of English. It provides detailed lesson planning guides which include common speaking and writing frames, grammar points and activities for language practice for Begining/Early Intermediate, Intermediate and Early Advanced/Advanced ELLs.
  • Singer, B., Bashir, A., et al. (2008) EmPOWER: a method for teaching expository writing. Wellesley, MA.: Architects for Learning, LLC.

This is an instructional method for scaffolding writing instruction for students in all grade levels. It provides a well thought out, easily accessible approach which helps students move from oral to written language using a visual approach.